What is HTML ?

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HTML is a set of tags and their attributes that define different parts of web document and inform wet browsers how to display them. An HTML document is a text file that contains the information to publish. It also contains embedded instructions called elements. These elements indicate to the Web browser how to present the document HTML has many static elements like text and list, hyperlink, images, tables and frame HTML also has dynamic elements like forms, multimedia, Java Applet, JavaScript, style sheet and dynamic HTML.

HTML elements are used to indicate the structure and format of a web document Elements in HTML consist of alphanumeric tags, which are located within angle brackets (<>). The alphanumeric tags are case-insensitive, which means that as far as Web browsers are concerned <BODY> is equal to <body>. Spaces are not allowed between text and angle brackets. The angle brackets inform web browsers that the text between them is HTML element. HTML tags come in pairs with an opening tag (for example <BODY>) and closing tag (for example </BODY>). The closing tag is little bit different from the opening tag because it contains a forward slash (1) before the element.

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